Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor

Attack on Pearl Harbor

 

The attack on Pear Harbor ,also known as the Battle of Pear Harbor, the Hawaii Operation or Operation AI by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters,and Operation Z during planning,was a surprise military strike  by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor n the  United States Territory of Hawaii on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack led to the United States’ entry into World War II.

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Japan intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the U.S Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan planned in South Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom the Netherlands and the United States.

Over the next seven hours there were coordinated Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines, Guam, and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore and Hong Kong.

The attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian time.

The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighter planes, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers.

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All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four sunk. All but Arizona  were later raised, and six were returned to service and went on to fight in the war.

The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an an anti-aircraft training ship and one minelayer.

188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded.

Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section ) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 64 servicemen killed.

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theatres. The following day, December 8, the United States declared war on Japan.

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Domestic support for non-interventionism which had been fading since the Fall Of France in 1940,disappeared.

Clandestine support of the United Kingdom (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol was replaced by active alliance.

Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Germany and Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.

From the 1950’s, several writers alleged that parties high in the U.S. and British governments knew of the attack in advance and may have let it happen (or even encouraged it) with the aim of bringing the U.S. into war.

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However, this advance knowledge conspiracy theory is rejected by mainstream historians.

There were numerous historical precedents for unannounced military action by Japan.

However, the lack of any formal warning, particularly while negotiations were still apparently ongoing, led President Franklin D Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, “A date which will live for Infamy “. Because the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, the attack on Pearl Harbor was judged by the Tokyo Trials to be a War Crime.

 

 

Watching this Movie makes me think.

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